96 Commonly Used Knitting Abbreviations

Knitting abbreviations are used to make knitting patterns easier to read.  This is a list of 96 commonly used abbreviations in knitting patterns.

When you first start knitting you will need to read the abbreviations given in your knitting pattern carefully and you will very quickly become used to them.

alt         alternate

approx         approximately

beg         begin, beginning

BO         bind off (cast off)

CC         contrast colour

CDD         centre double decrease – slip next two stitches together knitwise to right needle, knit 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over knit stitch

circ(s)         circular knitting needles

CO         cast on

cm         centimetre(s)

CN         cable needle

cont         continue

dec(s)         decrease(s), decreasing

DK         double knitting

dpn         double pointed needle

est         established

foll         following

g         gram

g st         garter stitch (knit every row)

in(s)         inch(es)

inc(s)         increase(s), increasing

incl         include

k         knit

kfb or k1fb         knit into the front and back of the same stitch – increase 1 stitch

k1tbl         knit through the back loop of a stitch (thereby twisting it)

k2tog         knit 2 stitches together – 1 stitch decreased

k3tog         knit 3 stitches together – 2 stitches decreased

k2togtbl         knit 2 stitches together through the back loops (thereby creating a twist while decreasing 1 stitch)

kfbf         knit in front, back, front again of the next stitch – increases 1 stitch to 3 stitches

kfbfb         knit in front, back, front, back again of the next stitch – increases 1 stitch to 4 stitches

kwise         knitwise

LH         left hand

LT         left twist

m         metre(s)

m or pm         marker, insert marker, place marker

MB         make bobble

MC         main colour

meas         measures

mm         millimetre(s)

M1         make one – increase 1 stitch

M1L         make one twisted to the left – increase 1 stitch

M1R         make one twisted to the right – increase 1 stitch

M1p         make one purlwise – increase 1 stitch

ndl(s)         knitting needle(s)

ndl 1, ndl 2, ndl 3         first, second and third needles when knitting in the round. Use markers at the change points if using a circular needle instead of dpn’s

oz(s)         ounces

p         purl

patt(s)         pattern(s)

patt rep(s)         pattern repeat(s)

p1fb         purl into the front and then the back of a stitch – increase 1 stitch

p2sso         pass 2 slipped stitches over – decrease 2 stitches

p2tog         purl 2 stitches together – decrease 1 stitch

p2togtbl         purl 2 stitches together through the back loops – decrease 1 stitch and create a twist

p3tog         purl 3 stitches together – decrease 2 stitches

PB         place a bead

pfb         purl into front and back of stitch – increase 1 stitch

pm         place marker

prev         previous

psso         pass slipped stitch over

p2sso         pass 2 slipped stitches over

pu         pick up and knit

pwise         purlwise

rem         remaining

rep(s)         repeat(s)

rev st st         reverse stockinette stitch, reverse stocking stitch

RH         right hand

rnd(s)         round(s)

RS         right side

RT         right twist

skpo         slip 1 stitch, knit 1 stitch, pass slipped stitch over – decrease 1 stitch

sk2po         slip 1 stitch, knit 2 stitches together, pass slipped stitch over – decrease 2 stitches

sl2tog-k1-psso         slip 2 stitches together, knit 1 stitch, pass 2 slipped stitches over – 2 stitches decreased

ssk         slip 2 stitches one at a time, knit 2 slipped stitches together – decrease 1 stitch

ssp         slip 2 stitches one at a time, purl 2 stitches together through the back of the loops – decrease 1 stitch

sl         slip

sl st         slip stitch

sl 1         slip 1 stitch

sl 1k         slip 1 stitch knitwise

sl 1p         slip 1 stitch purlwise

st(s)         stitch(es)

st st         stocking stitch, stockinette stitch

tbl         through back of loop

tog         together

WS         wrong side

WS         work straight

wyib         with yarn in back

wyif         with yarn in front

w&t         wrap and turn

ybk         yarn to the back

yd(s)         yard(s)

yfwd         yarn forward

yo         yarn over

yrn         yarn round needle

yon         yarn over needle

*         repeat directions following * as many times as indicated or until end of row

[ ]         instructions in square brackets refer to larger sizes

( )         repeat instructions in round brackets the number of times indicated



Free Patterns on the Knitting Squirrel

Other Useful Information & Tips

About Nicolette

I'd love to hear from you. Let me know what you think...

Please leave your comment. It is a great way to carry on the conversation. Knitting Squirrel enjoys reading all of your thoughts, ideas and opinions.

Thank you for leaving a comment.