Basic Sock Pattern to Fit Shoe Sizes – UK 7 to 12, EU 40 to 46 and US 9 to 13

I regularly receive questions regarding the size of my sock patterns and how you will know if they will fit you or not. This is an important question because you don’t want to put hours into knitting a pair of socks to find they don’t fit either you or the person you are knitting them for. This is particularly true when you are knitting the larger sized socks. To help with this, I have written two posts giving a basic top down sock pattern in 6 sizes. This is the second part of the basic top down sock pattern to fit Shoe Sizes UK 7 to 12, EU 40 to 46 and US 9 to 13. The first post giving the basic top down sock pattern to fit Shoe Sizes UK 2 to 6, EU 35 to 39 and US 4 to 8 can be found here.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

One of the main problems when you’re reading a pattern is whether the pattern is written for UK, European or US shoe sizes. I’ve shown a comparison of all of the shoe sizes for knitting your socks in the chart below which includes Foot Circumference, UK Shoe Size, EU Shoe Size, US Shoe Size, Mens (Ladies) Foot Size (S (L), M, L) and Finished Sock Length from Heel to Toe.

The sock pattern features a k1, p1 ribbed cuff; a smooth stocking stitch (stockinette) leg; a slip stitched heel flap, turned heel and gusset; a smooth stocking stitch (stockinette) foot; and a classic shaped toe.

Basic Sock Pattern UK 7-12, EU 40-46 and US 9-13

This is a very comfortable sock pattern that will work wonderfully with any one of the wide array of beautiful sock yarns that are created by Opal, Regia, Lang and Schoppel Wolle yarns to name just a few. It is also perfect for knitting socks from any of the amazing selection of hand dyed yarns that are available from Indie yarn dyers.

Needles:

  • 3.25 mm (US 3) double pointed needle (dpn) for casting on
  • 2.75 mm (US 2) (set of 5) dpns for knitting socks
  • tapestry needle for sewing in ends.

Sock Yarn:

1 x 100g ball of Sock Yarn – Although the largest size sock will require more than 100g particularly if you want to match the pattern.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

The actual weight of the sample pairs of socks is 78 (88, 98) g. Of course, this doesn’t allow for knitting a  matching pair of socks in the sock yarn you are using. Some sock yarns have a longer pattern repeat than others.

I used 2.75 mm Clover Takumi Bamboo Double Pointed Needles and knit my socks using 4ply sock weight yarn which is usually 75% wool with 25% nylon. This is because I wash the majority of my hand knit socks in the washing machine on the wool setting. Sock yarn that isn’t either superwash or with a nylon content will shrink over time when you machine wash it. I used to wash all my socks by hand but after a few years of sock knitting there were too many socks to hand wash and I forgot which socks had been knit using yarn that wasn’t machine washable (several pairs of socks shrank). One thing to note is that some of the colours will fade quicker when you wash your socks in the washing machine than with hand washing. I don’t tumble dry my socks. I hang them on the clothes line or the clothes rack to dry.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Tension:

The tension for these socks is 20 rows and 16 stitches / 5cm (2 inch) square in stocking stitch (stockinette). 8 stitches / 2.5cm (1 inch).

Abbreviations:

double pointed needle(s) – dpn(s); stitch(es) – st(s); knit – k; purl – p; slip slip knit – ssk; purl two stitches together – p2tog; knit stitch through the back loop – ktbl.

Foot Circumference:

To find your foot circumference measure around the ball of your foot which is the widest part of your foot.

Foot Circumference 23cm (9″) 24cm (9.5″) 25.5cm (10″)
UK Shoe Size 7 – 9 9.5 – 10.5 11 – 12
EU Shoe Size 40 – 41 42 – 43 44 – 46
US Shoe Size 9 – 11 11.5 – 12 12 – 13
Man’s (Ladies) Foot Size Small (Large) Medium Large
Finished Sock Length Heel to Toe  27.5cm (10.75″) 28cm (11″)  29cm (11.5″)

 

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Cuff:

  • Cast on 64 (68, 72) sts using 3.25 mm double pointed needle using the long tail cast on or your favourite stretchy cast on.
  • Join into the round as you rib the first round using 2.75 mm double pointed needles, 16 (17, 18) sts on each needle.
  • Work knit 1, purl 1 ribbing for 14 (18, 18) rounds.

Leg:

  • Knit 60 (65, 70) rounds.
  • Length of leg from the start of the cuff 17.5cm/7″ (18.75cm/7.5″, 20cm/8″). Or as many rounds as your desired length from the top of cuff to top of heel.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Heel:

On completion of the leg section knit 16 (17, 18) sts onto needle 4 so you now have 32 (34, 36) sts on this needle. You’ll be working the heel flap over these stitches (half of the total number of stitches), working in rows rather than rounds. Start the heel flap on a purl row.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Heel Flap:

  • Row 1: *sl 1, p1; rep from * to end of row, turn
  • Row 2: k
  • Repeat rows 1 and 2 for 32 (34, 36) rows.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Turn Heel:

  • Row 1: purl across 18 (19, 20) sts then p2tog, p1, turn.
  • Row 2: sl 1, k5, ssk, k1, turn.
  • Row 3: sl 1, p to 1 st before the ‘gap’, p2tog (combines 1 st before the ‘gap’ and 1 st after the gap), p1, turn.
  • Row 4: sl 1, k to 1 st before the gap, ssk, k1, turn.
  • Repeat rows 3 & 4 until all heel stitches have been worked and 18 (20, 20) sts remain.

Gusset:

Pick up and knit 17 (18, 19) sts along the edge of the heel flap. Knit across the instep stitches (top of foot) 32 (34, 36) sts. Pick up and knit 17 (18, 19) sts along the edge of the heel flap. Then knit across 9 (10, 10) sts from turning the heel. The centre back is now the starting point for the following rounds.

Before you start the next round, slip the other half of the heel stitches onto needle 1.

On next round k9 (10, 10) sts, then ktbl 17 (18, 19) sts, k32 (34, 36) sts, ktbl 17 (18, 19) sts, k9 (10, 10) sts. This prevents any small holes or gaps showing along the edge of the heel flap.

Next round: knit.

Now you are ready to start the gusset shaping.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Gusset Shaping:

  • Round 1: Needle 1: k to last 3 sts, k2tog, k1; Needles 2 and 3: k; Needle 4: k1, ssk, k to end of needle.
  • Round 2: K
  • Repeat rounds 1 and 2 until there are 16 (17, 18) sts on each needle. Total number of stitches 64 (68, 72).

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Foot:

I always try on my socks when I have knit about half of the rounds needed for the foot. Then it helps me to know how many more rounds I need to knit. I normally knit until I reach the knuckle on the big toe. If you’re knitting the sock for someone else:

  • Knit 47 (49, 51) rounds.
  • Length of foot from the heel is 20cm/8″ (21.5cm/8.5″, 23cm/9″).

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Classic Toe:

The length of the Classic Toe for each size is 5.5cm/2.25″ (5.5cm/2.25″, 6.5cm, 2.5″).

  • Round 1: Needles 1 and 3: k to last 3 sts, k2tog, k1; Needles 2 and 4: k1, ssk, k to end of needle.
  • Round 2: k
  • Repeat rounds 1 and 2 until you have 28 (32, 32) sts left.
  • Then repeat round 1 until there are 16 (20, 20) sts remaining.
  • Making sure that the toe stitches align horizontally with the heel, slip the stitches from needle 4 onto needle 1 and the stitches from needle 3 onto needle 2.
  • Graft the toe stitches using Kitchener Stitch.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

Finishing:

Weave in all loose ends. I hope you will love wearing your new socks. I hand washed and blocked the men’s small sized socks on sock blockers. The larger sized socks were hand washed and then patted into shape and allowed to dry lying on a flat surface.

Once you’ve knit a pair of socks using your size you can tweak the socks that I have made to knit socks that will fit you comfortably and well.

Summary of Sock Sizes:

A quick summary of the sizing details of each sock.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 Sizes

The sock pictured above is the (64 stitch) Small Man’s (Large Woman’s) size which fits Shoe Size – UK 7 to 9, EU 40 to 41, and US 9 to 11. The foot circumference is approximately 23cm (9″). The finished length of the foot measured from heel to toe is 27.5cm (10.75″). The sock yarn I used to knit this sock is  Opal For Ladies & Gentlemen 8015. I knit the sock using 2.75mm bamboo double pointed needles at a tension of 8 stitches/10 rounds = 2.5 cm/1 inch. The actual weight of this sock is 39 grams.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 sizes

The sock pictured above is the (68 stitch) Medium Man’s size which fits Shoe Size UK 9.5 to 10.5, EU 42 to 43, and US 11.5 to 12. The foot circumference is approximately 24cm (9.5″). The finished length of the foot measured from heel to toe is 28cm (11″).The sock yarn is Regia Snowflake 7709 and Hand Dyed Opal Sock Yarn. I knit the sock using 2.75mm bamboo double pointed needles at a tension of 8 stitches/10 rounds = 2.5 cm/1 inch. The actual weight of this sock is 44 grams.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 sizes

The sock pictured above is the (72 stitch) Large Man’s size which fits Shoe Size UK 11 to 12, EU 44 to 46, and US 12 to 13. The foot circumference is approximately 25.5cm (10″). The finished length of the foot measured from heel to toe is 29cm (11.5″). The sock yarn is Hand Dyed Opal Sock Yarn. I knit the sock using 2.75mm bamboo double pointed needles at a tension of 8 stitches/10 rounds = 2.5 cm/1 inch. The actual weight of this sock is 49 grams.

Basic Sock Pattern in 6 sizes

I look forward to hearing about how your socks turn out and hopefully seeing some of the pictures of your lovely sock projects. I always love reading all of your comments!

 

About Nicolette

Comments

  1. Nicolette,
    Thanks ever so much for the larger size sock patterns and charts. I will have more confidence now when I knit for my sons 12-13 sized feet. Yes, and all three are 6 ft. tall or over. Guess their height balances out their large feet.
    Thank you again for your work in getting these patterns and charts together. You have a great web site and work hard to keep it interesting and informative.
    Joyce in Utah

    • Thank you Joyce, You are very welcome. I enjoyed working on this sock pattern although, I must admit that I did wish at times that I’d started on the largest size and finished with the smallest! I look forward to hearing how you get on with the pattern. Happy Sock Knitting, Nicolette

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